Different Types Of Woods

We often get asked about different types of woods and what they are good for. We thought we would create this simple guide to help choose the best wood for your custom project. 


These are the most common domestic hardwoods used. Hard woods are more durable and seasonally stable, meaning they are less likely to split, warp or crack due to changes in temperature and humidity. 

Other species and exotics are available. Information and pricing are available upon requets.

White Oak

Light to medium brown in colour with a straight grain. Good for table tops, chests, desks, shelving. White Oak costs more due to it's colouring. Takes staining well.


Red Oak

Has a red undertone to it. Any staining colour done overtop will show a bit of the red. Has the same strength properties as white oak.



A white to off white cream colour. Maple is difficult to take dark stains, so is recommended for lighter colours or natural. Sometimes can have a red or golden hue. Grain shows as generally straight and may have a wavy pattern. Maple is great for all projects.


Lighter pale to dark chocolate brown colouring with a moderate natural lustre. Walnut is not to be stained. Grain is straight but can be irregular. Due to it's natural beauty and quality walnut is generally one of the most expensive woods. Great for all projects.



A light to medium brown colour that stains well with most colours. The grain is similar to oak. Ash is good for all projects.


A light beige to medium brown colour that stains very well. Grain is straight and tight. Birch is good for all projects. 




Soft woods are more economical when building pieces. They are good for "rustic" applications and a good option for using as table bases for hardwood tops to save budget wise. 


White to light brown colouring with small to medium knots. Pine stains well to colour choices. Pine is good for construction of pieces and support for hardwood table tops. Pine is the most budget friendly and used well for rustic pieces. 



Western Red Cedar

Pale white to deep red in colour. Cedar is known for it's aromatic smell and it's rot resistance, making is great for outdoor furniture. Cedar is a softer wood that tends to dent easier and is better used for smaller pieces in indoor applications. Cost is less expensive than hardwoods and more than pine. 

Douglas Fir

Colour of fir can vary depending on age and location, typically a light brown with a hue of red or yellow. Fir has a straight, slightly wavy grain and stains well. Fir is more climate stable and stronger than pine. It's good for structural pieces such as table bases. Cost is less expensive than hardwoods and more than pine. 


Have a special project or unique custom furniture piece you are looking to have made? Request a quote.